Juclandia is a constitutional monarchy with an active monarch, in which the parliamentary assembly plays the central part in the role of the government, thus making the state system a parliamentary one. Administratively, Juclandia is a unitary state, in which the power of the local governments derives from the power of the central government. The monarch is elected for life, elections being held when the previous monarch abdicates or dies.

The Constitution of Juclandia provides for a state of law in which the separation of powers is absolute. The government of Juclandia is made up of the legislative, the executive and the judicial branches.

The executive power consists of the Cabinet of Juclandia and the legislative power consists of the Great National Assembly, a bicameral legislative made up of the Council of State (upper house) and the Assembly of Deputies (lower house). The judicial power is held by the High Court of Cassation and Justice, the supreme court of Juclandia made up of 3 members elected every 6 months.

In Juclandia, political pluralism is heavily emphasized on. There are currently five registered parties, all of them having representatives in the Great National Assembly. Far-right parties are banned in Juclandia.